What Is The State Bird Of Maryland?

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What Is The State Bird Of Maryland
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Why is the Oriole Maryland’s state bird?

When did the Baltimore Oriole become the state bird for Maryland? – The Old Line State of Maryland legislature adopted the Baltimore oriole as the state bird in 1954. The bird’s designation appears in Chapter 54, Acts of 1947; Code of Provisions Article, Section 7-301. Maryland doesn’t share its state bird with any other state. A pair of perched Baltimore Orioles

What is Maryland’s state bird called?

Maryland State Bird – Baltimore Oriole –

Maryland Birds

The Baltimore Oriole ( Icterus galbula ) is the official Maryland bird (Chapter 54, Acts of 1947; Code General Provisions Article, sec.7-301). Baltimore Oriole in full breeding plumage. Photo by Chandler S. (Chan) Robbins, Senior Ornithologist, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, The female oriole’s feathers are brownish-olive and dull orange, but the male’s plumage is black and golden orange not unlike colors in the Calvert shield. This similarity led to its early association with the name of the Maryland proprietor. In 1698, “Baltemore Birds” were among the “Beasts of Curiosity” ordered sent from Maryland to grace the royal gardens ( Archives of Maryland 23: 455-56 ).

  • In 1894, Baltimore’s major league baseball team was named after the bird.
  • Typically, the Baltimore Oriole in the spring migrates north from Mexico and South America to the United States, and returns south for the winter.
  • In the spring, the Oriole weaves bag-shaped hanging nests often found on shade trees in small towns here and in the Midwest.

Orioles feed on insects, fruit, and nectar, preferring ripe, dark-colored fruit, such as red cherries and purple grapes. Maryland made special provisions to protect the Baltimore Oriole in 1882 (Chapter 154, Acts of 1882). Since passage of the Migratory Bird Treaty Act of 1918, the Baltimore Oriole is protected by federal law covering all migratory bird species, and, since 1975, by the State’s Nongame and Endangered Species Conservation Act (Chapter 27, Acts of 1975).

Baltimore Oriole & nest, Governor’s State Bird Prints series, State Law Library, Murphy Courts of Appeal Building, 361 Rowe Blvd., Annapolis, Maryland, April 2017. Photo by Diane F. Evartt. Despite its special status, since 1966 (and more rapidly after 1980) the number of Baltimore Orioles has been declining.

The loss is attributed to the decimation of elm trees, where the Oriole loved to nest, by Dutch elm disease, the further destruction of breeding habitat and tropical winter habitat, and toxic pesticides ingested by the insects which constitute the Oriole’s main diet.

What is Maryland’s state bird and flower?

What Is The State Bird Of Maryland The flag, seal, flower (black-eyed Susan), bird (Baltimore oriole), and tree (white oak) are some of the major state symbols of Maryland. © Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.

Is The Baltimore Oriole extinct?

Baltimore Oriole Conservation – While these orioles are not threatened or endangered, their populations are slowly declining. Habitat loss, particularly in their winter range, is a distinct problem, but supporting shade-grown coffee and bird-friendly chocolate can help preserve that habitat.

What is Maryland’s official cat?

Maryland State Cat – Calico Cat.

What does it mean when a Baltimore Oriole visits you?

Spiritual Symbolisms – In traditions of modern spirituality, the symbolism of orioles is rooted in both visuals and sound. Seeing an oriole indicates that you have survived the worst and you will soon experience luck. It could represent that someone near you needs some of your joy.

What is Maryland’s famous food?

Steamed Blue Crab Nothing shouts Maryland quite like blue crab, the Chesapeake Bay crustacean prized for its sweet, white meat.

What is Maryland’s national animal?

The Baltimore Oriole has been the State Bird since 1947. Special provisions have been made for its protection. The Oriole’s feathers are black and gold, the same colors as in the Calvert family shield.​
In 1989 the Maryland Blue Crab was designated the State Crustacean.
In 1964, the Chesapeake Bay Retriever, named after the famous bay region of the breed’s or​igin, was declared the official dog of Maryland. A working dog bred to recover waterfowl for hunters, the Chesapeake Bay Retriever is one of only a few breeds actually developed in the United States. Retrievers excel in field and obedience trials. These dogs are known for their versatility, strength, endurance, and devotion.
The Black Eyed Susan has been the official Maryland flower since 1918. A yellow daisy or cornflower, it blooms in late summer.
The Baltimore Checkerspot Butterfly was designated Maryland’s State Insect in 1973. The Baltimore Checkerspot is one of the most beautiful butterflies of our area, but not many people have seen it. The butterfly’s wet-meadow habitat is quickly disappearing.
Maryland’s State Tree is the White Oak. It was symbolized by the Wye Oak that stood at Wye Mills on Maryland’s Eastern Shore. It was more than 100 feet high, had a branch spread of 165 feet and a circumference of 31 feet, 10 inches. It was one of the largest in the world. On June 7, 2002, it was felled by powerful thunderstorms that also downed power lines throughout the area.
The Skipjack was named the State Boat in 1985. Skipjacks (named after leaping fish) are the last working boats under sail in the United States. In winter, they dredge (scrape) oysters from the floor of the Chesapeake Bay.
In 1994, Square Dancing was designated the State Folk Dance. This dance form grew from dances of various cultures: the Morris and Maypole dances of England, ballroom dances of France, Church dances of Spain, and folk dances of Australia, Ireland, Italy, Germany, Mexico, Poland, Russia, and other nations. Square Dancing has been a popular folk tradition since 1651.
Got Milk? Milk officially became the State drink on October 1, 1998. Found primarily in Frederick and Washington counties, most Maryland milk cows are Holsteins and can be recognized by their large black and white spots. Daily, a single cow can produce up to 8 gallons of milk, consume about 80 pounds of feed, and drink 30 to 40 gallons of water.
In 1984 the shell of the Ecphora gardnerae gardnerae, an extinct snail, was named the State fossil shell. The Ecphora inhabited the Chesapeake Bay 5 to 12 million years ago. An Ecphora shell found in St. Mary’s County about 1685 was one of the first North American fossils illustrated in European scientific works.
The Diamondback Terrapin ( Malaclemys terrapin ) is the State reptile and official mascot of the University of Maryland College Park. It was named the State Reptile in 1994. This attractive turtle has diamond-shaped, concentric rings on its upper shell.
In 1978, Center Stage was named the State Theater of Maryland. It is a resident professional theater. (Resident theaters invite artists to perform or design costumes and sets for their productions while living in theater-provided housing while they are working there.) Located in downtown Baltimore, Center Stage was founded in 1963. In 1974, a huge fire destroyed the original theater. After the destruction, Center Stage rebounded by buying and partially renovating an old building which was once part of Loyola College and the theater reopened its regular season in 1975.
On October 1, 2001 the Calico cat was chosen as Maryland’s State Cat because of the colors. They are the colors of Maryland’s flag and founding families-red, black and white.
Astrodon johnstoni officially became the State dinosaur on October 1, 1998. It lived during the early Cretaceous period, between 130 million and 95 million years ago, and was the first identified dinosaur in Maryland. It was one of the earliest dinosaur finds in the United States and the first sauropod described in North America.
The rockfish (Morone saxatilis) was named the official fish of the State of Maryland in 1965. Originally called Roccus saxatilis, scientists corrected the genus designation in the late 1960s. The rockfish is considered to be the most valuable fish in Maryland waters.
On October 1, 2003, the Thoroughbred Horse became the State Horse of Maryland. The average Thoroughbred stands 16 hands (64″) high at the withers, and weighs 1,000 pounds. Its coat colors may be bay, dark bay, chestnut, black, gray, or occasionally roan.
In 1962, a law was enacted making jousting our State sport. Jousters compete by trying to catch a hanging ring on a lance while riding a horse.
In 2004, Lacrosse was officially named the Team Sport of Maryland. Lacrosse is the oldest sport in North America dating back to the 17th century. Indians played lacrosse to heal the sick and to prepare for war. Picture courtesy of 2002 U.S. Naval Academy woman’s lacrosse team
The Olney Theatre opened in 1941 and became the State Summer Theater of Maryland in 1978. It is located in Montgomery County, 12 miles from Washington, DC and 35 miles from Baltimore. The Olney Theatre puts on plays year-round. It also hosts several community projects.
Effective October 1, 2004, the Patuxent River Stone became the State Gem of Maryland. The Patuxent River Stone is actually an agate, a cryptocrystalline form of quartz. Found only in Maryland, the Patuxent River Stone’s colors of red and yellow reflect the Maryland State Flag.
photo courtesy of smithisland.org On April 24, 2008 Smith Island cake was designated as the official dessert of the state of Maryland which took effect October 1, 2008. Smith Island Cake is a confection that consists of many (usually eight to ten) pancake thin layers of cake separated by an equal number of layers of icing, creme, frosting and/or crushed candy bars. The most common flavor is yellow cake and is iced with cooked chocolate icing. However, many variations have evolved, both in the flavors for frosting and the cake itself. Smith Island Cake originated from Smith Island, Somerset County, Maryland.
photo courtesy of ABC2News Walking became the State Exercise of Maryland on October 1, 2008. Maryland holds the honors as first state in the nation to designate a state exercise.
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What is Maryland state famous for?

Maryland Pictures and Facts The Thomas Point Shoal Lighthouse in Annapolis is a National Historic Landmark. The Thomas Point Shoal Lighthouse in Annapolis is a National Historic Landmark. Photograph by PhotoRx, iStockphoto Get facts and photos about the 7th state.

Nickname: The Old Line State Statehood: 1788; 7th state Population (as of July 2016): 6,016,447 Capital: Annapolis Biggest City: Baltimore Abbreviation: MD State bird: Baltimore oriole State flower: black-eyed Susan

The first people to live in what’s now Maryland arrived at least 13,000 years ago, though humans may have been in the area as many as 21,000 years ago. Archaeologists know this because they’ve found arrowheads, beads, and other ancient items in and around Maryland’s Chesapeake Bay.

Centuries layer lived in the region, including the Lenape, Nanticoke,, Susquehannock, and Shawnee tribes. In 1608 Captain John Smith became one of the first Europeans to arrive in the area. Then in 1632 Englishman George Calvert was given permission by the king of England to establish the colony of Maryland (though George died before settling the colony; his son Cecilius organized the expedition of colonists instead.) Yet British rule wouldn’t last: Maryland signed the in 1776.

After the won the Revolutionary War in 1783, Annapolis, Maryland, became the new country’s capital—but for less than a year. Maryland was made the seventh U.S. state in 1788, and gave up part of its land two years later to help create In 1850 Maryland would become an important part of the Underground Railroad thanks to, a Maryland native who fled the state to escape slavery but returned to rescue and lead others to freedom.

  • Eleven years later, tensions between northern and southern states, particularly over slavery, led to the Civil War.
  • Although Maryland was just south of the Mason-Dixon Line—the name for the border between and Maryland, which was considered the line dividing the North and South—it sided with the Union in the North.
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The war’s bloodiest battle, Antietam, took place in Sharpsburg, Maryland. In 1864 slavery was finally abolished in Maryland. Maryland was named after Queen Henrietta Maria of England. She was married to King Charles I, who granted permission for Maryland to become a colony.

Legend has it that Maryland’s nicknamed the Old Line State in honor of 400 Revolutionary War soldiers who faced off against 10,000 British soldiers in a battle in 1776. These soldiers, which were called the “Maryland Line,” held off the British just long enough to allow the rest of the American army—lead by George Washington—to escape.

quarter: maogg / iStock Photo black eyed susan: © Jruffa | Dreamstime white oak: © Boscorelli | Dreamstime Baltimore oriole: Paul Sparks | Dreamstime Maryland is bordered by in the north, and the Atlantic Ocean in the east, the Atlantic Ocean and in the south, and in the west.

The state can be divided into five geographical regions. The Mid-Atlantic Coastal Plain spreads across the south and east of the state. It’s a low area with marshes along the eastern shoreline and fertile farmland along the western shore. This region contains the Battle Creek Cypress Swamp, a forested wetland.

The Piedmont crosses northeastern Maryland, and has low hills, ridges, valleys, and streams. The Blue Ridge region is a narrow, mountainous region west of the Piedmont. It was named for its trees, which have a bluish haze when seen from a distance. The Appalachian Ridge and Valley is a slim strip of land in the north.

It’s mostly forested and contains farmland and steep ridges. The Appalachian Plateau covers the northwestern corner of the state. It’s home to the Allegheny Mountains and Maryland’s highest point, Backbone Mountain. Black bears,, and Appalachian cottontails are a few of the that live in Maryland. Ospreys, gyrfalcons (the biggest type of falcon), and Baltimore orioles are some local,

The state’s include Allegheny Mountain dusky salamanders and barking tree frogs. And such as bog turtles, Coastal Plain milk snakes, and eastern fence lizards live here. Bald cypress, loblolly pine, juniper, walnut, and white oak (the state tree) are among Maryland’s native trees.

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The state’s wildflowers include Maryland golden-aster, Maryland meadow beauty, and ladies’ tresses—an orchid that resembles a spiraling lock of hair. Maryland is known for fishing, and it produces the most blue crabs in the United States. The state is also known for mining coal, clays, natural gas, and limestone.

—Go fish! Visitors to the National Aquarium can check out jellyfish, a living reef, dolphins, and sharks. —Famous Marylanders include Francis Scott Key, who wrote the Star Spangled Banner; baseball player Babe Ruth; Jazz musician Billie Holiday; and civil rights activist Thurgood Marshall, who became the first African-American Supreme Court justice (or judge) in the United States.

What birds are native to Maryland?

Maryland Birds and Birding in Maryland State – eBird lists over 460 types of birds as occurring in the state of Maryland. The most common bird in Maryland: the most frequently seen bird in the state is Northern Cardinal, It is reported on 57% of bird watching lists.

The official State Bird of Maryland is Baltimore Oriole. If you are serious about knowing the birds native to Maryland, then check out eBird for Maryland, It has recent sightings and photos, illustrated checklists with weekly abundance bar charts for state, counties, and individual hotspots of the best birding locations.

If you want to know about other people interested in birds in your area, join a local bird group. The American Birding Association maintains a list of bird watching clubs for each state, My other pages for birds in Maryland: Red, Orange, & Yellow Birds of Maryland Feeding Winter Birds in Maryland

What animal represents the state Maryland?

The Diamondback Terrapin ( Malaclemys terrapin ) is the State reptile and official mascot of the University of Maryland College Park. It was named the State Reptile in 1994. This attractive turtle has diamond-shaped, concentric rings on its upper shell. In 1978, Center Stage was named the State Theater of Maryland.

What is Maryland state bird name?

Characteristics of the Baltimore Oriole – One of the most brilliantly colored songbirds in the east, flaming orange and black, sharing the heraldic colors of the coat of arms of 17th-century Lord Baltimore. Widespread east of the Great Plains, Baltimore Orioles are often very common in open woods and groves in summer.

Length: 6.5 inches Sharply-pointed bill

What are the winter birds in Maryland?

  • Northern Cardinal. These are well-known birds due to their bright red coloration,fairly large size,and perky crest.
  • White-throated Sparrow. These birds are fairly common in the East in winter,rather rare throughout the West.
  • Carolina Chickadee.
  • Carolina Wren.
  • Tufted Titmouse.
  • Blue Jay.
  • Downy Woodpecker.
  • Red-bellied Woodpecker.
  • Song Sparrow.
  • Mourning Dove.