What Is The Meaning Of Maryland?


What Is The Meaning Of Maryland
Maryland – Wikipedia U.S. state This article is about the U.S. state. For other uses, see, State in the United States Maryland State of Maryland : “”, “Free State”, “Little America”, “America in Miniature” :

  • (English: “Strong Deeds, Gentle Words”)
  • The Latin text encircling the seal: Scuto bonæ voluntatis tuæ coronasti nos (“With Favor Wilt Thou Compass Us as with a Shield”) Psalm 5:12

None (“” repealed in 2021) Map of the United States with Maryland highlighted CountryUnited StatesBefore statehoodApril 28, 1788 (7th) and areas

  • (combined)
  • (metro and urban)

Government • () • (R) • •

  • ()
  • (D)
  • 7 Democrats
  • 1 Republican

()Area • Total12,407 sq mi (32,133 km 2 ) • Land9,776 sq mi (25,314 km 2 ) • Water2,633 sq mi (6,819 km 2 ) 21% • RankDimensions • Length250 mi (400 km) • Width100 mi (200 km)Elevation 350 ft (110 m)Highest elevation ( ) 3,360 ft (1,024 m)Lowest elevation ( ) 0 ft (0 m)Population ( ) • Total6,177,224 • Rank • Density632/sq mi (244/km 2 ) • Rank • $87,063 • Income rank MarylanderLanguage • None (English, de facto ) () • Summer () () MD Md.Latitude37° 53′ N to 39° 43′ NLongitude75° 03′ W to 79° 29′ WWebsite Living insigniaInanimate insignia None. Formerly: “Maryland, My Maryland” by (1861), (adopted 1939, repealed 2021)

Released in 2000 Maryland ( : ( ) ) is a in the region of the United States. It shares borders with,, and the to its south and west; to its north; and and the to its east. is the largest city in the state, and the capital is, Among its occasional nicknames are, the Free State, and the State,

It is named after, the French-born queen of England, Scotland, and Ireland, who was known then in England as Mary. Before its coastline was explored by Europeans in the 16th century, Maryland was inhabited by several groups of Native Americans – mostly by and, to a lesser degree, and, As one of the original of England, Maryland was founded by, 1st Baron Baltimore, a convert who sought to provide a religious haven for Catholics persecuted in England.

In 1632, granted Lord Baltimore a, naming the colony after his wife, Henrietta Maria. Unlike the and, who rejected Catholicism in their settlements, Lord Baltimore envisioned a colony where people of different religious sects would coexist under the principle of,

Accordingly, in 1649 the Maryland General Assembly passed an, which enshrined this principle by penalizing anyone who “reproached” a fellow Marylander based on religious affiliation. Nevertheless, religious strife was common in the early years, and Catholics remained a minority, albeit in greater numbers than in any other English colony.

Maryland’s early settlements and population centers clustered around rivers and other waterways that empty into the Chesapeake Bay. Its economy was heavily and centered mostly on the cultivation of tobacco. Demand for cheap labor from Maryland colonists led to the importation of numerous and,

  1. In 1760, Maryland’s current boundaries took form following the of a long-running border dispute with Pennsylvania.
  2. Maryland was an active participant in the events leading up to the, and by 1776, its delegates signed the,
  3. Many of its citizens subsequently played,
  4. In 1790, the state ceded land for the establishment of the U.S.

capital of Although then a, Maryland during the, its strategic location giving it, After the Civil War, Maryland took part in the, driven by its seaports, railroad networks, and mass immigration from Europe. Since the 1940s, the state’s population has grown rapidly, to approximately six million residents, and it is among the most densely populated U.S.

states. As of 2015, Maryland had the of any state, owing in large part to its proximity to Washington, D.C., and a highly diversified economy spanning manufacturing, retail services, public administration, real estate, higher education, information technology, defense contracting, health care, and biotechnology.

The state’s central role in U.S. history is reflected by its hosting of some of the per capita. Sixteen of Maryland’s twenty-three counties, as well as the city of Baltimore, border the tidal waters of the and its many tributaries, which combined total more than 4,000 miles of shoreline.

What does the word Maryland mean?

How Did Maryland Get Its Name? Maryland, or Terra Mariae in Latin, was named for Queen Henrietta Maria, wife of King Charles I of England. Charles I granted the Maryland Charter to Cecilius Calvert, 2nd Lord Baltimore, in 1632. His father, George Calvert, 1st Lord Baltimore, had long pleaded for the charter but died shortly before it was granted.

What is Maryland named after?

Pre-Colonial History – George Calvert, 1st Baron Baltimore, applied to Charles I for a royal charter for what was to become the Province of Maryland. After Calvert died in April 1632, the charter for “Maryland Colony” was granted to his son, Cecilius Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimore, on June 20, 1632.

The colony was named in honor of Queen Henrietta Maria, the wife of King Charles I. Led by Leonard Calvert, Cecil Calvert’s younger brother, the first settlers departed from Cowes, on the Isle of Wight, on November 22, 1633 aboard two small ships, the Ark and the Dove. Their landing on March 25, 1634 at St.

Clement’s Island in southern Maryland, is commemorated by the state each year on that date as Maryland Day. This was the site of the first Catholic mass in the Colonies, with Father Andrew White leading the service. The first group of colonists consisted of 17 gentlemen and their wives, and about two hundred others, mostly indentured servants who could work off their passage.

  • After purchasing land from the Yaocomico Indians and establishing the town of St.
  • Mary’s, Leonard, per his brother’s instructions, attempted to govern the country under feudalistic precepts.
  • Meeting resistance, in February 1635, he summoned a colonial assembly.
  • In 1638, the Assembly forced him to govern according to the laws of England.

The right to initiate legislation passed to the assembly. In 1638, Calvert seized a trading post in Kent Island established by the Virginian William Claiborne. In 1644, Claiborne led an uprising of Maryland Protestants. Calvert was forced to flee to Virginia, but he returned at the head of an armed force in 1646 and reasserted proprietarial rule.

Maryland soon became one of the few predominantly Catholic regions among the English colonies in North America. Maryland was also one of the key destinations where the government sent tens of thousands of English convicts punished by sentences of transportation. Such punishment persisted until the Revolutionary War.

The founders designed the city plan of the colonial capital, St. Mary’s City, to reflect their world view. At the center of the city was the home of the mayor of St. Mary’s City. From that point, streets were laid out that created two triangles. Located at two points of the triangle extending to the west were the first Maryland state house and a jail.

  1. Extending to the north of the mayor’s home, the remaining two points of the second triangle were defined by a Catholic church and a school.
  2. The design of the city was a literal separation of church and state that reinforced the importance of religious freedom.
  3. The largest site of the original Maryland colony, St.
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Mary’s City was the seat of colonial government until 1708. Because Anglicanism had become the official religion in Virginia, a band of Puritans in 1642 left for Maryland; they founded Providence (now called Annapolis). In 1650, the Puritans revolted against the proprietary government. They set up a new government prohibiting both Catholicism and Anglicanism.

  1. In March 1655, the 2nd Lord Baltimore sent an army under Governor William Stone to put down this revolt.
  2. Near Annapolis, his Roman Catholic army was decisively defeated by a Puritan army in the Battle of the Severn.
  3. The Puritan revolt lasted until 1658, when the Calvert family regained control and re-enacted the Toleration Act.

The Puritan revolutionary government persecuted Maryland Catholics during its reign. Mobs burned down all the original Catholic churches of southern Maryland. In 1708, the seat of government was moved to Providence, renamed Annapolis in honor of Queen Anne.

St. Mary’s City is now an archaeological site, with a small tourist center. Just as the city plan for St. Mary’s City reflected the ideals of the founders, the city plan of Annapolis reflected those in power at the turn of the 18th century. The plan of Annapolis extends from two circles at the center of the city – one including the State House and the other the Anglican St.

Anne’s Church (now Episcopal). The plan reflected a stronger relationship between church and state, and a colonial government more closely aligned with the Protestant church. Tobacco was the main export crop in the colonial era; it involved a great deal of hand labor, usually done by slaves, the original royal charter granted Maryland the Potomac River and territory northward to the fortieth parallel. This was found to be a problem, as the northern boundary would have put Philadelphia, the major city in Pennsylvania, within Maryland.

The Calvert family, which controlled Maryland, and the Penn family, which controlled Pennsylvania, decided in 1750 to engage two surveyors, Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon, to establish a boundary. They surveyed what became known as the Mason–Dixon Line, which became the boundary between the two colonies.

The crests of the Penn family and of the Calvert family were put at the Mason–Dixon line to mark it. Later the Mason–Dixon line was used as a boundary between free and slave states under the Missouri Compromise of 1820.

What is the short word for Maryland?

Postal abbreviations for states/territories –

State/Territory 1831 1874 1943 June 1963 Oct.1963 – Present
Alabama Al. Ala. Ala. ALA AL
Alaska Alaska Alaska ALSK AK
Arizona Ariz. Ariz. ARIZ AZ
Arkansas Ar.T. Ark. Ark. ARK AR
California Cal. Calif. CALIF CA
Colorado Colo. Colo. COL CO
Connecticut Ct. Conn. Conn. CONN CT
Delaware De. Del. Del. DEL DE
District of Columbia D.C. D.C. D.C. DC DC
Florida Fl.T. Fla. Fla. FLA FL
Georgia Ga. Ga. Ga. GA GA
Hawaii Hawaii HAW HI
Idaho Idaho Idaho IDA ID
Illinois Il. Ill. Ill. ILL IL
Indiana Ia. Ind. Ind. IND IN
Iowa Iowa Iowa IOWA IA
Kansas Kans. Kans. KANS KS
Kentucky Ky. Ky. Ky. KY KY
Louisiana La. La. La. LA LA
Maine Me. Me. Maine ME ME
Maryland Md. Md. Md. MD MD
Massachusetts Ms. Mass. Mass. MASS MA
Michigan Mic.T. Mich. Mich. MICH MI
Minnesota Minn. Minn. MINN MN
Mississippi Mi. Miss. Miss. MISS MS
Missouri Mo. Mo. Mo. MO MO
Montana Mont. Mont. MONT MT
Nebraska Nebr. Nebr. NEB NB* *to NE in 1969
Nevada Nev. Nev. NEV NV
New Hampshire N.H. N.H. N.H. NH NH
New Jersey N.J. N.J. N.J. NJ NJ
New Mexico N. Mex. N. Mex. NM NM
New York N.Y. N.Y. N.Y. NY NY
North Carolina N.C. N.C. N.C. NC NC
North Dakota N. Dak. ND ND
Ohio O. Ohio Ohio OHIO OH
Oklahoma Okla. OKLA OK
Oregon Oreg. Oreg. ORE OR
Pennsylvania Pa. Pa. Pa. PA PA
Puerto Rico P.R. PR PR
Rhode Island R.I. R.I. R.I. RI RI
South Carolina S.C. S.C. S.C. SC SC
South Dakota S. Dak. SD SD
Tennessee Te. Tenn. Tenn. TENN TN
Texas Tex. Tex. TEX TX
Utah Utah Utah UTAH UT
Vermont Vt. Vt. Vt. VT VT
Virginia Va. Va. Va. VA VA
Washington Wash. Wash. WASH WA
West Virginia W. Va. W. Va. W VA WV
Wisconsin Wis. Wis. WIS WI
Wyoming Wyo. Wyo. WYO WY

Sources : 1831, Table of Post Offices in the United States ; 1874 and 1943, United States Official Postal Guide ; June 1963, Postal Bulletin 20368; Oct.1963, Post Office Department Publication 59, Abbreviations for Use with ZIP Code,

Is Maryland a state or country?

Maryland | History, Flag, Map, Capital, Population, & Facts Maryland, state of the, One of the original 13 states, it lies at the centre of the, amid the great commercial and population complex that stretches from to, Its small size belies the great of its landscapes and of the ways of life that they foster, from the low-lying and water-oriented Eastern Shore and area, through the metropolitan hurly-burly of, its largest city, to the forested foothills and mountains of its western reaches.

Maryland was named in honour of, the wife of King, by a grateful, 2nd Baron Baltimore, who was granted a charter for the land in 1632., the state capital, lies on Chesapeake Bay, roughly equidistant from Baltimore (north) and (west). Geography has provided Maryland a role in U.S. history as a pivot between the North and the South.

Its northern border with is the famous, drawn in the 1760s to settle between the Penn and Calvert families and traditionally regarded as the boundary between the North and the South. To the south much of the boundary with Virginia is formed by the, a symbolic barrier during the,

On the north bank of the Potomac lies the District of Columbia (coterminous with the city of, D.C.), a small enclave ceded by Maryland in 1791 for the site of the national capital. East of the Chesapeake, the Eastern Shore shares the with Delaware on the north and Virginia on the south. In the mountainous west is Maryland’s panhandle, which is joined to the rest of the state by a narrow waist and interlocks with the eastern panhandle of,

Area 12,406 square miles (32,131 square km). Population (2020) 6,177,224. The Coastal Plain covers about half of Maryland’s land area, yielding to the region called the Piedmont Plateau at a running from the northern tip of the District of Columbia through Baltimore and to near the northeastern corner of the state.

The Catoctin ridgeline in the west forms the gateway to the Appalachians. The Eastern Shore, the area east of Chesapeake Bay, is flat with extensive wetlands. The maximum elevation there is 100 feet (30 metres) above, The area west of the Chesapeake, called the Western Shore, is generally flat, but some low hills reach heights of 300 to 400 feet (90 to 120 metres).

Most of the Coastal Plain is farmland with small rural, except for the urban areas of Baltimore, Washington, D.C.,, and, Maryland’s share of the a series of forested barriers, with many of the intervening valleys still uncleared., hugging the West Virginia line, is the highest point in Maryland, at 3,360 feet (1,024 metres).

Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. To the south the is sandy; to the north it is loamy and fertile. Its water edges—consisting of salt marshes, or wetlands—exasperate mapmakers as erosion periodically fills in a swamp or deletes an entire island: (also called Blakiston Island), for example, is about one-tenth the size it was in 1634.

The Chesapeake’s some two dozen estuarial tributaries provide the state with about 3,200 miles (5,150 km) of shoreline—subject to frequent change. The most important of nature-made revisions was an irruption of the ocean, during a storm in 1933, through, a sand barrier island on the Atlantic shore, dividing it in two.

The northern portion, Fenwick Island, now has at its southern end the resort town of, formerly located mid-island. The southern portion is now, whose territory is shared with the state of Virginia. The inlet between the two islands has become a boon to Ocean City’s resort fishing fleet. It has been kept open by regular dredging by the,

The Piedmont Plateau has good farming soil except for belts of clay that are mined for brick kilns; from early colonial times, the exteriors of Maryland buildings have glowed with salmon-coloured brick made from these clay deposits. To the west and parallel to the fall line, the low Parr’s Ridge forms a drainage divide separating water flow east to the Chesapeake and southwest to the Potomac River.

  • The most feature of Maryland’s is, which serves the port of Baltimore, divides the Eastern Shore from what was once called Maryland Main, and covers some 1,840 square miles (4,770 square km).
  • On a summer weekend as many as 100,000 sailboats and powerboats may be seen on the water.
  • But the bay has its drawbacks.

Swimmers shun its brackish, murky water after the late-summer onset of billions of small stinging jellyfish, and the cross-bay bridges are often filled to with the crush of summer weekenders going to and coming from the ocean beaches. Dredging is also necessary to maintain the 50-foot- (15-metre-) deep ship channel to Baltimore and to the, which connects the northern end of the Chesapeake to the,

The bay must also be protected against pollution by the municipalities, industries, and farms in its drainage area. The floor of the bay was once lined with oysters, but silt, pollutants, and hostile microorganisms have pushed the beds up into tributary rivers and diminished the yield even there. The largest catch is the, which arrives on dinner tables in such forms as crab soup, crab cakes, steamed hard-shell crabs, soft-shell crabs, and crab,

The bay, which was called by journalist and critic a “great big outdoor protein factory,” still affords a precarious living to hundreds of people who live and work on the water. : Maryland | History, Flag, Map, Capital, Population, & Facts

Is Maryland named after Mary?

NAME – Maryland’s name honors Queen Henrietta Maria (1609-1669), wife of Charles I (1600-1649), King of Great Britain and Ireland, who signed the 1632 charter establishing the Maryland colony. Queen Henrietta Maria was the daughter of Henry IV of France (1553-1610) and his second wife, Marie de Medici (1573-1642).

She also was the sister of Louis XIII (1601-1643) of France. Married to Charles I at sixteen, she had nine children, of whom three died in infancy. In 1644, in danger because of civil unrest, Henrietta Maria left England for France. Her husband was beheaded at Whitehall in London in 1649. Henrietta Maria died in 1669 at Colombes, near Paris.

After restoration of the monarchy in 1660, Henrietta Maria’s son, Charles II ruled Great Britain and Ireland from 1660 to 1685. Her son, James II ruled from 1685 to 1688. Henrietta Maria, Queen Consort of England, Studio of Anthony Van Dyck, 1632 (MSA SC 1545-1100).

Maryland Nicknames

What kind of name is Maryland?

Popularity : 27194 Origin : British Meaning : Mary’s land Maryland is a unisex’s name of British origin. Place name. The state of Maryland was named for English Queen Henrietta Maria, the wife of King Charles I, when the land was granted to Lord Baltimore. On This Page

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What do you know about Maryland?

A state of the eastern United States. One of the original Thirteen Colonies, it was founded by Lord Baltimore in 1634 as a refuge for English Roman Catholics. Maryland ratified the United States Constitution in 1788. Annapolis is the capital and Baltimore the largest city.x.

What is the abbreviation for Maryland?

Maryland Also found in:,,,,,,, Related to Maryland:,, (mĕr′ə-lənd) Abbr. MD or Md. A state of the eastern United States. One of the original Thirteen Colonies, it was founded by Lord Baltimore in 1634 as a refuge for English Roman Catholics. Maryland ratified the United States Constitution in 1788.

Annapolis is the capital and Baltimore the largest city. American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved. ( ˈmɛərɪˌlænd; ˈmɛrɪlənd ) n (Placename) a state of the eastern US, on the Atlantic: divided into two unequal parts by Chesapeake Bay: mostly low-lying, with the Alleghenies in the northwest Capital: Annapolis.

Pop: 5 508 909 (2003 est). Area: 31 864 sq km (12 303 sq miles). Abbreviation: Md or MD (with zip code) Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014 (ˈmɛr ə lənd) n.

Noun 1. Maryland – a Mid-Atlantic state; one of the original 13 colonies,, – a region of the eastern United States comprising New York and New Jersey and Pennsylvania and Delaware and Maryland – the region of the United States lying to the south of the Mason-Dixon line – a town in northeastern Maryland – the largest city in Maryland; a major seaport and industrial center – a town in northern Maryland to the west of Baltimore – a town in northern Maryland – a large inlet of the North Atlantic between Virginia and Maryland; fed by Susquehanna River, – a river in the east central United States; rises in West Virginia in the Appalachian Mountains and flows eastward, forming the boundary between Maryland and Virginia, to the Chesapeake Bay, – a river in the northeastern United States that rises in New York and flows southward through Pennsylvania and Maryland into Chesapeake Bay
2. Maryland – one of the British colonies that formed the United States

Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc. Want to thank TFD for its existence?, add a link to this page, or visit, Link to this page: DURING the Civil War a Patriot was passing through the State of Maryland with a pass from the President to join Grant’s army and see the fighting.

Henry van der Luyden had been Louisa Dagonet, and her mother had been the granddaughter of Colonel du Lac, of an old Channel Island family, who had fought under Cornwallis and had settled in Maryland, after the war, with his bride, Lady Angelica Trevenna, fifth daughter of the Earl of St. van der Luyden divided their time between Trevenna, their place in Maryland, and Skuytercliff, the great estate on the Hudson which had been one of the colonial grants of the Dutch government to the famous first Governor, and of which Mr.

“Better mix it up, I reckon-have suthin’ half statoo, half fountain,” interposed the elder Mattingly, better known as ” Maryland Joe,” “and set it up afore the Town Hall and Free Library I’m kalklatin’ to give. The Senate, like the present Congress, and the Senate of Maryland, derives its appointment indirectly from the people.

The experience of FREDERICK DOUGLASS, as a slave, was not a peculiar one; his lot was not especially a hard one; his case may be regarded as a very fair specimen of the treatment of slaves in Maryland, in which State it is conceded that they are better fed and less cruelly treated than in Georgia, Alabama, or Louisiana.

The number of Representatives shall not exceed one for every thirty Thousand, but each State shall have at least one Representative; and until such enumeration shall be made, the State of New Hampshire shall be entitled to chuse three, Massachusetts eight, Rhode Island and Providence Plantations one, Connecticut five, New York six, New Jersey four, Pennsylvania eight, Delaware one, Maryland six, Virginia ten, North Carolina five, South Carolina five, and Georgia three.

Grandfather, for aught I know, might have gone on to speak of Maryland and Virginia; for the good old gentleman really seemed to suppose that the whole surface of the United States was not too broad a foundation to place the four legs of his chair upon. During the War of the Rebellion, a new and influential club was established in the city of Baltimore in the State of Maryland,

It is well known with what energy the taste for military matters became developed among that nation of ship-owners, shopkeepers, and mechanics. In her last scene, at Maryland and Virginia, many pleasant things happened, which makes that part of her life very agreeable, but they are not told with the same elegancy as those accounted for by herself; so it is still to the more advantage that we break off here.

New Jersey and Rhode Island, upon all occasions, discovered a warm zeal for the independence of Vermont; and Maryland, till alarmed by the appearance of a connection between Canada and that State, entered deeply into the same views. A gentleman residing in Maryland had allowed an aged pair of his slaves, substantial though not legal freedom for several years.

: Maryland

What is Maryland’s state nickname?

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Maryland Maryland is a U.S. state located in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States, bordering Virginia, West Virginia, and the District of Columbia to its south and west; Pennsylvania to its north; and Delaware to its east. Maryland was the seventh state to ratify the United States Constitution, and has three occasionally used nicknames: the Old Line State, the Free State, and the Chesapeake Bay State. Maryland is one of the smallest states in terms of area, but it remains one of the most populous as well as one of the most densely populated states of the United States. The state’s largest city is Baltimore, and its capital is Annapolis. Although the state is officially claimed to be named after Queen Henrietta Maria, many historians believe Maryland was named after Mary, the mother of Jesus by George Calvert, prior to his death in 1632. The original intent may never be known. Maryland has the highest median household income, making it the wealthiest state in the nation. Ethnically, Marylanders are chiefly of German, Irish or African-American ancestry.