What Fruit Trees Grow Well In Maryland?


What Fruit Trees Grow Well In Maryland
Best Maryland Fruit Trees For Sale – There are many trees that will grow well in Maryland due to its climate and fertile soil. In fact throughout the regions, there are already vast apple and peach orchards, in addition to some plum, pear, apricot, cherry, and grape orchards.

PollinationRootstockChill hoursDisease resistance

Some of our recommended trees to grow in Maryland include:

Dolgo Crabapple Tree Blake’s Pride Pear Tree American Persimmon Tree Summit Cherry Tree Mulberry Tree Paw Paw Tree

What is the easiest fruit tree to grow in Maryland?

Garden Q&A: How to grow fruit trees in Maryland Q: I’d like to eventually grow some of my own fruit. What’s a good starting point and what do I need to consider? A: It’s fun to try growing your own food, though fruit trees require the greatest amount of commitment and patience to be rewarding.

Ill-prepared first attempts can easily end in failure. We suggest inexperienced gardeners or anyone short on time try small-fruit (berry) cultivation first before diving into fruit trees — they’re much simpler to grow, need little to no spraying, and take up less space — but if you do enough research to know what to expect, you can certainly start small so it’s not overwhelming.

Easier crops for a novice grower to start with include fig, persimmon, and some of the more esoteric fruits like jujube, serviceberry, and pawpaw. Ironically, the most popular fruits — apple, pear, peach, plum, cherry — are the hardest to grow well in our Mid-Atlantic conditions.

  1. This is not due to temperature hardiness but rather disease and pest pressures.
  2. Plan as much as possible first: where do you have enough space and the best conditions? How will they be cared for year-round? What problems should you anticipate, and how will you process the perishable harvest? Even when grown organically, there’s a lot of intervention and preventive treatments that will typically be needed to produce a useful harvest and to keep the tree healthy.

After a problem arises, curative options are few, so knowing ahead of time what to look for and when is important in avoiding plant damage or a ruined crop for that year. “Location, location, location” applies in gardening too. Fruit-bearing plants usually require full sun (six plus hours daily in summer) and well-drained soil to perform well.

  1. A site with good air circulation reduces disease, and proper pruning and training will make harvesting easier.
  2. Choose an area where you have enough space to avoid crowding and competition between plants.
  3. Different varieties mature at different sizes, and training style will also impact how much room trees use.

Most fruit trees are propagated by grafting. That means the variety you want is joined to a rootstock of a related variety for the purposes of improving hardiness, disease resistance, and/or dwarfing the plant’s stature for ease of maintenance and harvest. What Fruit Trees Grow Well In Maryland Check which varieties need cross-pollination to fruit well, as some will not produce fruit if planted alone. Self-fruitful groups include figs, peaches, nectarines, and apricots, plus some varieties of apple, cherry, pear, persimmon, and plum. Keep like with like when you can, because cross-compatibility may not occur; for instance, don’t rely on pollination between an Asian and a European pear, or an early-blooming apple with a late-blooming apple.

Web-based suppliers sometimes provide cross-pollination charts to illustrate compatible pairings. Avoid multi-graft plants (trees with several varieties grafted onto a shared trunk) unless you’re quite experienced because they run the risk of increased maintenance headaches or the loss of an entire variety’s crop.

Good inherent disease resistance goes a long way to reducing pesticide use and lowering the risk of bad outbreaks. No varieties are immune to problems, but those with noted resistance aid your efforts tremendously. It may surprise you to learn that some of the most popular varieties found at supermarkets are not the more disease-resistant options or even easy to grow overall.

  1. Ideally, narrow your options down by resistance traits first, desired flavor and other traits second.
  2. So you can search for either the specific fruit type or see our sitemap for the full range of topics.
  3. University of Maryland Extension’s Home and Garden Information Center offers free gardening and pest information at,

Click “Ask Extension” to send questions and photos. : Garden Q&A: How to grow fruit trees in Maryland

What is easiest fruit tree to grow?

Pear Trees – Many people consider pear trees to be the easiest fruit tree to grow on your own. Specifically, Asian pear tree varieties are well-known as the perfect fruit trees for beginners because of how simple they are to take care of and how much fruit they produce with little extra effort.

What fruits are native to Maryland?

Native or nativar? What’s the difference? And does Maryland have native fruits? I’m aiming to plant 70% natives. I want to plant a fothergilla shrub, and the ‘Mt. Airy’ variety sounds perfect, but is it a nativar? Currently, for gardeners trying to increase the native plants in their gardens, it’s difficult to impossible to find a native that is not a nativar.

  • Nativars are native plant cultivars, i.e.
  • Cultivated to accentuate particular traits, such as large bloom size.
  • It’s possible nativars could breed with naturally occurring natives and change, or somehow weaken, the DNA of the local gene pool.
  • Extensive research is needed to determine that.
  • However, recent research seems to show, at least in the respect of supporting native insects (which, in turn, native wildlife need), that nativars function fine in the landscape — with one big exception.
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Red or purple-leaved nativars were inedible to native insects and could be downright damaging to them. For your purposes, fothergilla ‘Mt. Airy’ was discovered growing naturally, not commercially hybridized. It’s a southeast U.S. native, renowned for its funny honey-scented spring blooms and spectacular fall colors.

It’s also deer resistant with virtually no pest problems — a great plant. Are any fruit-bearing trees native to Maryland? Paw paws (Asimina triloba) and persimmons (Diospyros) are native to Maryland. Other native plants bear fruit that is small, bitter or may need processing to make palatable for human consumption, but all provide good sources of food for native wildlife.

These include elderberry (Sambucus), chokeberry (Aronia), black cherry (Prunus serrotina), wild plum (Prunus americana), crabapple (Malus), and serviceberry (Amelanchier). Check out the — $25 off when you purchase trees on their recommended list (from approved nurseries).

What fruits and vegetables grow well in Maryland?

Small Fruits – The Maryland Cooperative Extension reports that growing conditions in the Free State are well suited to strawberries, grapes, currants, blackberries, grapes, blueberries and raspberries. Small fruit plants tend to live a long time. Purchase virus-free stock; Crusader and Consort are resistant blackberry cultivars, for example.

Vine crops such as melons, squash, cucumbers, pumpkins and gourds often produce heavily in Maryland’s humid summers. The Maryland Cooperative Extension reports that growing conditions in the Free State are well suited to strawberries, grapes, currants, blackberries, grapes, blueberries and raspberries.

When should you plant fruit trees in Maryland?

The planting process – Fruit trees are vegetatively propagated by grafting scion wood (wood of the desired cultivar) onto a clonal chosen for a specific characteristic, such as hardiness or disease resistance. This is done because seed-grown trees will not have the same characteristics as their parents and, in general, are inferior to a grafted tree.

If trees cannot be planted at once, heel them in outside in a protected location. Dig a shallow trench, lay the root system down, and cover with soil. Hydrate your trees 12 hours prior to planting by placing each one in a large container filled with water. Plant your trees so that the graft union (the bulge where rootstock meets scion wood) is two to four inches out of the ground after the ground settles. Generally, set out your trees one inch deeper than they were planted in the nursery. The diameter of the hole is much more important than the depth of the hole. The hole should be big enough to lay the roots out without crossing over or bending any back. Before planting, use sharp pruners to remove any roots that are broken or damaged. Backfill the hole, firmly pack the soil around the root system, and water in well. Add a liquid starter fertilizer to the water, but do not add granular fertilizer to the planting hole. You may build a low ridge of soil around the tree base to hold water in. Place a three-inch layer of organic mulch under the tree, starting at the tree’s drip line and tapering to zero inches at the trunk. Water deeply throughout the first season to supplement rainfall. Do not allow your trees to bear fruit before their third season, Remove blooms on the central leader and thin fruits heavily on the scaffold limbs. Root establishment in the young orchard should take priority over fruiting. Once roots are developed, fruiting will follow.

Still have a question? Contact us at, : Tree Fruit Purchasing and Planting

What is the lowest maintenance fruit tree?

Cherries –

If you want beautiful flowering trees with the bonus of edible fruit, then a cherry tree is a great option for a low-maintenance fruit tree. Both sweet and sour cherry trees are easy to grow and both fruits have a wide variety of uses. Sweet cherries are used for raw eating and you’ll need at least 2-3 trees for pollination.

There is a dwarf sweet cherry tree that is self-pollinating that is new to most markets as well. Sour cherries are uses for jams and cooking and those trees are much smaller than sweet cherry trees. There are both standard and dwarf sizes and it can be about 4 years before a cherry tree will begin producing fruit.

Standard trees can become quite large and ladders will be needed in order to harvest all of the 30-50 quarts of fruit that they produce. Dwarf varieties will produce 10-15 quarts in ideal conditions. Cherry trees should be planted in late fall or early spring in an area of full sun with good air circulation.

Sweet standard cherries should be planted 35-40 feet apart and dwarfs 5-10 feet apart. Sour standards should be planted 20-25 feet apart and dwarfs 8-19 feet apart. Cherries enjoy moist soil so applying mulch around the base of the tree will help encourage a moist environment. Netting may be required when fruit appears to keep area birds from feasting on the fruit.

Fertilize trees in the spring until fruit appears then only do so after each harvest. Prune trees in late winter right before spring arrives. What Fruit Trees Grow Well In Maryland Incorporating fruit trees into your garden is a great way to produce beauty as well as a bountiful harvest of fresh and juicy fruit. Consider starting with these low-maintenance fruit trees that don’t require aggressive watering and enjoy minimal fertilizer applications.

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Plum trees are a good option for smaller gardens while cherry trees will quickly fill out a space in providing shade and bounty of fruit. Peaches and pears are other low-maintenance tree varieties that will produce many years of quality fruit. Starting with any of these low-maintenance fruit trees is a great way to produce the best fruit for your garden.

Rachel Baihn is a landscape and gardening writer. She can often be found exploring the ever-so scenic Austin Greenbelt or enjoying the company of neighborhood dogs.

Do you need 2 fruit trees to bear fruit?

Pollination Basics – Here are some of the basics of fruit tree pollination:

Most fruit trees require pollination between two or more trees for fruit to set. Pollination occurs when the trees blossom. Pollen from the anthers (the male part of the plant) has to be transferred to the stigma (the female part of the plant). Completed pollination fertilizes the tree and fruit grows. Otherwise, flowers grow, but not fruit. Pollination can be performed by birds, wind or insects. The most common fruit-tree pollinator is the honeybee that gathers nectar from the flowers, simultaneously transferring pollen between them. (A single honeybee may visit as many as 5,000 flowers in a single day.)

Additional facts on pollination: With the help of the bees, some trees can pollinate and bear fruit all by themselves, called self-pollinating or self-fruitful, Nearly all common varieties of apricot, peach, nectarine and sour cherry are self-pollinating.

  1. Other fruit trees, like most apple, plum, sweet cherry and pears are cross-pollinating or self-unfruitful,
  2. They need another tree for pollination, and not just one of the same variety, but a different variety of the same fruit.
  3. For example, most sweet cherries must be pollinated with compatible sweet cherry trees.

In addition, these fruit trees have to blossom at about the same time (mid-season, late-season) so honeybees can cross-pollinate them. However, even if the trees are considered compatible, other factors can interfere with pollination. Lack of rain, high winds or frost can damage buds before they blossom.

Fruit trees form their flower buds in the fall. Excessive winter cold or even a late-spring frost can kill buds and blossoms. That’s why it’s important to choose a tree selected for your climate zone (shown on the plant tag). These trees develop buds more in time with the last local frost, so there’s less chance of losing fruit production.

Good to Know All fruit trees at the Lowe’s Garden Center have a tag that has information on pollination, growing zone and other important facts.

What fruit is Maryland known for?

Popular Varieties of Blueberries

State Fruit
Massachusetts Cranberry
Minnesota Honeycrisp Apple

Can lemon trees grow in Maryland?

Some lemon trees can handle Maryland winters I’ve had a lemon tree growing by my driveway in Southern Maryland for at least five years. It’s 20 feet tall and bore fruit for the first time this summer. Obviously it can withstand snow, freezing temperatures and drought.

The lemons are mostly large and delicious. Isn’t this unusual in Maryland? Lemon trees are classified as tropical. They normally need to be placed indoors as protection against Maryland’s winters. However, a couple of cultivars are hardy down to 17 degrees, namely, Meyer and Lisbon. We have had several mild winters in a row.

Be prepared to protect your lemon tree should a severe winter arrive. Ellen Nibali, a horticulture consultant, works at Maryland Cooperative Extension’s Home and Garden Information Center, and Jon Traunfeld is the director of the Home and Garden Information Center.

What is the fastest growing tree in Maryland?

Loves heat: –

Chestnut Trees thrive in heat and humidity, making it the perfect tree to grow in Maryland. The hotter, the better. Expect your chestnut tree to grow over 50 feet tall providing amazing shade for your yard.

Can you grow a peach tree in Maryland?

Maryland Overview – Filled with indescribable cliffs, rivers, and waterfalls Maryland is predominantly the ancestral home of Algonquin tribes, as well as Iroquois and Siouan, These native tribes have vast knowledge in how to take care of the land in ways that cultivate biodiversity, protect trees from diseases, and don’t harm nature.

After white settlers colonized the region, Maryland became one of the 13 colonies. Due to the introduction of many different fruit varieties, Maryland now has many orchards growing apples, peaches, apricots, plums, pears, cherries, grapes, to name a few. We have listed some of our favorite Maryland fruit trees for sale below.

Lastly, Maryland’s state tree is the White Oak,

Can strawberries grow in Maryland?

Learning how to grow strawberries is easy and rewarding. It’s the fruit that signals “summer has arrived.” Bright, red, beautiful, and sweet as sugar, strawberries are a staple to our diet starting in late May/early June on the Eastern Shore of Maryland.

What produce can I grow in Maryland?

6 basic steps to start or plant a vegetable garden – STEP 1- Plan your garden

Will you grow vegetables and herbs in containers or in garden soil? Will you create an in-ground garden, or perhaps use raised beds ? Start small and expand when you are ready. A good starter size is 50-75 sq. ft, Grow vegetables that you like to eat and are expensive to buy. Some of the easiest vegetables are bush bean, tomato, cucumber, pepper, lettuce, summer squash, and leafy greens (Swiss chard, kale, mustard, etc.), Place taller crops on the north and west sides so they will not shade shorter plants, Group plants by what season they grow in and how long they take to come to maturity. Early, short-season crops, like lettuce, can give way to late-season crops after harvest.

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STEP 2-Select your site

Your garden should be on level ground in a spot that gets at least 6 hours of full sun a day (preferably more). Avoid trees, shrubs, and buildings where possible. Make sure you have access to every part of your garden—include paths. Easy access to water is essential. Know your local animal population and fence as needed.

STEP 3-Prepare your soil

Vegetable garden soil should be deep and crumbly, should drain well, and should contain plenty of organic matter. Have your soil tested to determine nutrient levels and pH, and to be sure it is safe to plant in (less than 400 ppm of lead). Turn under or remove the grass sod but do not dispose of it as sod contains valuable topsoil and organic matter. You can also kill the grass by covering it with sections of cardboard or newspaper and then covering that with a 2 to 4-inch layer of compost. Add at least two inches of compost on top of your soil and dig it in. Continue to add a thin layer of compost every time you plant. You can fill a new raised bed with purchased topsoil and compost, Raised beds may either be surrounded by an enclosure or built up with sloped sides and no enclosure.

STEP 4-Plant your crops

View the information about the vegetable you are interested in growing to determine whether a particular vegetable is best direct-seeded in the ground or whether its seeds have to be planted indoors and grown to transplant size. You can buy seeds and transplants from local stores. If you buy seedlings to transplant, make sure they look healthy and are not so overgrown that roots encircle the bottom of the pot. Transplants raised inside your home or in a greenhouse should be exposed gradually to outdoor temperatures and conditions; this is called “hardening off. Transplant on a cloudy, calm afternoon if possible, and water well; handle plants carefully and make sure there is adequate room for the roots in the planting hole.

STEP 5- Take care of your garden

Water deeply around the base of your vegetable plants, as necessary, to keep the roots systems moist. Frequent, shallow watering is good for newly planted seeds—not mature plants. Water in the morning when possible. Use a soaker hose or drip irrigation system to reduce water use. Fertilize as necessary based on your soil test recommendations, fertilizer label instructions, and the needs of your different crops. Control weeds by laying down organic mulches, slicing or chopping weeds with a hoe, and hand-pulling. Start early, as soon as weeds appear. Support tomato, pepper, and cucumber plants with stakes or trellises to save space. Monitor plants regularly for problems. Learn to take an integrated pest management (IPM) approach to any plant or pest problem. If you need assistance send your question with digital photos to Ask Extension, Vegetables and herbs can be grown successfully in Maryland gardens without chemical pesticides.

STEP 6 – Harvest and enjoy! Author: Erica Smith, University of Maryland Extension Master Gardener Revised: April 2020

What is the easiest and quickest fruit to grow?

Share this infographic – Click this button to send a tweet:,or just copy the code below and paste into your own site to share the infographic These frequently asked questions provide useful information to help you choose which fruit trees and plants to grow in your garden: What are the quickest fruits to grow? The quickest fruits to grow are strawberries, blackberries and autumn-fruiting raspberries.

These plants should all produce a crop of berries in the first year after planting. Which fruits grow best in pots? Blueberries and strawberries are the best fruits to grow in pots. Blueberries need acidic soil, which is easy to provide in pots by using ericaceous compost. Strawberries are naturally compact plants that thrive in pots.

What is the easiest fruit tree to grow? The easiest fruit tree to grow in the UK is an apple tree. Apple trees are long-lived, heavy-cropping and relatively maintenance-free. We hope you’ve enjoyed this round-up of ten easy to grow fruits. Share your images with us via social media, using #YourTMGarden.

What is the fastest growing tree in Maryland?

Loves heat: –

Chestnut Trees thrive in heat and humidity, making it the perfect tree to grow in Maryland. The hotter, the better. Expect your chestnut tree to grow over 50 feet tall providing amazing shade for your yard.

Can you grow fruit trees in Maryland?

Best Maryland Fruit Trees For Sale – There are many trees that will grow well in Maryland due to its climate and fertile soil. In fact throughout the regions, there are already vast apple and peach orchards, in addition to some plum, pear, apricot, cherry, and grape orchards.

PollinationRootstockChill hoursDisease resistance

Some of our recommended trees to grow in Maryland include:

Dolgo Crabapple Tree Blake’s Pride Pear Tree American Persimmon Tree Summit Cherry Tree Mulberry Tree Paw Paw Tree

What is the most hardy fruit tree?

If you live in a cold climate, you know that not every fruit tree is going to make it through the winter. However, if you choose carefully, you just might be able to find some fruit trees that will survive the harsh cold. So, which fruit trees are cold hardy? Cold hardy fruit trees include apple (Gala, Honeycrisp, McIntosh, & Sweet Sixteen), cherry (English Morello, Meteor, Montmorency, & North Star), pear (Flemish Beauty, Luscious, Max Red Bartlett, & Seckel), and plum (Alderman, Blue Damson, Stanley, & Superior).