In What Ways Was Maryland Different Than Virginia?
Why was England slow to establish New World colonies? They were not that interested to compete with the Spanish in establishing colonies. Religious conflicts such as the Protestant Reformation also kept the English busy for many years. What steps from 1575-1600 brought England closer to colonizing the New world? The English started to realize that colonization was important and started competing with the Spanish.
- The defeat of the Spanish Armada in 1588 allowed for the blossoming of England and the downfall of Spain, with the English having acquired many of the traits the Spanish had had about a century before.
- Explain how conditions in England around 1600 made it “ripe” to colonize North America.
- Many things had improved in England to start colonization such as peace with Spain, major population growth which would provide workers, and joint-stock companies would help to regulate the economy.
Give at least three reasons that so many of the Jamestown settlers died. Disease, malnutrition, and starvation were a few reasons that caused the deaths of so many Jamestown settlers. What factors led to the poor relations between Europeans and Native Americans in Virginia? The natives served no real purpose for the Virginians, they did nothing with the economy and were only using up the valuable land the Europeans wanted to have.
The Anglo-Powhatan Wars showed how the Europeans found the natives useless and were willing to dispose of them. “By 1620 Virginia had already developed many of the features that were important to it two centuries later.” Explain. Virginia became one of the main producers of tobacco which allowed its economy to blossom and stabilize.
The House of Burgesses was also created which would have a long lasting impact on the colony and the rest of America. In what ways was Maryland different than Virginia? Maryland was different than Virginia because this colony allowed a safe place for Catholics to live in as well as protection.
What historical consequences resulted from the cultivation of sugar instead of tobacco in the British colonies in the West Indies? Tobacco was easily cultivated while sugar was much more complicated and needed more investment. This led to the West Indies depending on North America for their sugar production and when some English farmers were tired of being squeezed by the rich, they migrated south, settling in Carolina.
Why did Carolina become a place for aristocratic whites and many black slaves? Carolina was a place for aristocratic whites because of its aristocratic founders who established the colony, and a place for many black slaves because they were shipped to Carolina to help cultivate rice, the main export of the colony.
- North Carolina was called “a vale of humility between two mountains of conceit.” Explain.
- This means that North Carolina was the modest and most independent-minded colony (along with Rhode Island) considering it was between the two aristocratic colonies of Virginia and South Carolina- the mountains of conceit.
In what ways was Georgia unique among the southern colonies? Georgia was unique because it was a buffer protecting the Carolinas from Spain and France. In return, Georgia was given a lot of funding for taking on this role. How did the political structure of the Iroquois prove to be first a strength and ultimately a weakness? They had a strong confederation with an organized system but eventually with the settlers establishing colonies they would not be able to live the lives they were used to for so long.
Which Southern colony was the most different from the others? Explain. North Carolina because it was not aristocratic and was not a strong believer on slave trade. American Spirit Notes: The Starving Time: This is important because we are shown the severity of the starving time and what people had to go through.
Smith also talks about the savages and how they revolted and were useless to the settlers. The Great Indian Uprising: This is important because this shows a key reason in issues between the colonists and the natives. Waterhouse also discusses how Virginians wanted the Natives to become Christians since they relied on their faith for how good they were to them, but they were wrong.
- The Intolerant Act of Toleration: This shows how important religion was in the colonies, and how many there consequences were for people unwilling to respect the Catholics and other co-religionists.
- This also shows that there would have probably been many executions if the laws had been strictly enforced.
Class Notes :
Britain is becoming powerful Protestant England put into conflict with catholic Spain Elizabeth I wants to protect England and Spanish Gold and colonies Sir Francis Jake: 4,600% Return on investment, would steal money from the Spanish
Sir Walter Raleigh
Establishes 1st English colony in North America at Roanoke island Fails in 1585, tried again in 1587 Colony disappears by 1591 Notable for bringing tobacco back to England
Created to attack the British The English become the world power because they had the most powerful navy
Why did people want to leave England?
1590’s recession 1607 settlement in Jamestown Get rich quickly with the Virginia Company (1606)
Captain John Smith
He was the man who realized the colonists should be more worried about surviving than digging for gold
Lord de la Warr
Resupplies colony in 1610 Brings military into colony Starts was with Powhatan tribe
Most are gone or have migrated west by 1685
Brings tobacco to the colony
Populations increase over time but decrease greatly in the winter Large plantations that are largely spread apart (makes social events more difficult, and it is more difficult to protect yourself) Hard to maintain with such large plantations
Each Virginian got 50 acres for each person whose passage they paid Contract: 5-7 years, promised “freedom dues”, forbidden to marry, low survival rate Over time became replaced by slaves
Founded in 1634 by Lord Baltimore Catholic Refuge (1649 Toleration Act)
Carolinas & Georgia
Coming from Virginia or the Sugar Islands Georgia: debtors and petty criminals Georgia acts as the buffer between Spain and England Indigo and rice are the top crops
- 0.1 What was Maryland best known for?
- 1 Did the Maryland colony have religious freedom?
- 2 Why did the 3 different colonial regions have differences?
- 3 What were the differences between the different colonies?
- 4 Which colony was the most different?
- 5 How did Maryland differ from other Southern colonies?
- 6 What are some major differences between the New England colonies and the Chesapeake Virginia and Maryland )?
How is Maryland different from the Virginia colony?
Maryland and Virginia were two of the earliest British colonies in America. Maryland was established as a proprietary colony, while Virginia was established as an economic venture.
How was Maryland different?
Review Questions – 1. Maryland was founded by
- James Oglethorpe
- Roger Williams
- Anne Hutchinson
- Cecil Calvert
2. Maryland was founded as a haven for
3. One major result of the English Civil War was
- the execution of King Charles I by Parliament
- the placement of a Catholic on the throne of England
- the pope’s control of the Anglican church
- the execution of key Puritans such as Oliver Cromwell
4. Maryland’s Act of Toleration in 1649 did which of the following?
- Protected the free practice of all religions in Maryland
- Protected the free practice of all sects of Christianity in Maryland
- Required all non-Christians to pay a tax to practice their religion in Maryland
- Ensured Puritan rule of Maryland for the next forty years
5. From 1649 to 1660, the rule of England under Oliver Cromwell
- was based upon Puritan beliefs and discrimination against Catholics
- granted religious freedom to all Christians in England
- tolerated non-Puritans
- reduced religious tensions in England and Ireland
6. As a result of the Glorious Revolution in England in 1689, what action was taken in Maryland?
- Slavery was banned in the colony.
- The Act of Toleration was revoked.
- Virginia conquered Maryland and took possession of the Chesapeake Bay.
- All Catholic landholders were forced to forfeit their possessions.
7. Who came to the throne of England as a result of the Glorious Revolution in 1689?
- King James II
- Oliver Cromwell
- William and Mary
- Charles I
8. Which of the following documents set colonial America on a path toward religious freedom, which later became a cornerstone of U.S. democracy?
- Mayflower Compact
- “City Upon A Hill” sermon by John Winthrop
- “Sinners in The Hands of an Angry God” sermon by Jonathan Edwards
- Maryland’s Act of Toleration
9. Which of the following statements about colonial Maryland is most accurate?
- Although Maryland started as a haven for Catholics, Protestants quickly became the majority.
- Maryland became the first colony to outlaw the use of slave and indentured labor.
- Maryland’s economy was based on subsistence farming and the shipbuilding industry.
- Maryland merged politically with the colony of Virginia during the English Civil War.
How was the Maryland colony different than the Jamestown Settlement?
Learning Objectives – By the end of this section, you will be able to:
- Identify the first English settlements in America
- Describe the differences between the Chesapeake Bay colonies and the New England colonies
- Compare and contrast the wars between native inhabitants and English colonists in both the Chesapeake Bay and New England colonies
- Explain the role of Bacon’s Rebellion in the rise of chattel slavery in Virginia
At the start of the seventeenth century, the English had not established a permanent settlement in the Americas. Over the next century, however, they outpaced their rivals. The English encouraged emigration far more than the Spanish, French, or Dutch. They established nearly a dozen colonies, sending swarms of immigrants to populate the land.
- England had experienced a dramatic rise in population in the sixteenth century, and the colonies appeared a welcoming place for those who faced overcrowding and grinding poverty at home.
- Thousands of English migrants arrived in the Chesapeake Bay colonies of Virginia and Maryland to work in the tobacco fields.
Another stream, this one of pious Puritan families, sought to live as they believed scripture demanded and established the Plymouth, Massachusetts Bay, New Haven, Connecticut, and Rhode Island colonies of New England. In the early seventeenth century, thousands of English settlers came to what are now Virginia, Maryland, and the New England states in search of opportunity and a better life. Promoters of English colonization in North America, many of whom never ventured across the Atlantic, wrote about the bounty the English would find there.
- These boosters of colonization hoped to turn a profit—whether by importing raw resources or providing new markets for English goods—and spread Protestantism.
- The English migrants who actually made the journey, however, had different goals.
- In Chesapeake Bay, English migrants established Virginia and Maryland with a decidedly commercial orientation.
Though the early Virginians at Jamestown hoped to find gold, they and the settlers in Maryland quickly discovered that growing tobacco was the only sure means of making money. Thousands of unmarried, unemployed, and impatient young Englishmen, along with a few Englishwomen, pinned their hopes for a better life on the tobacco fields of these two colonies.
A very different group of English men and women flocked to the cold climate and rocky soil of New England, spurred by religious motives. Many of the Puritans crossing the Atlantic were people who brought families and children. Often they were following their ministers in a migration “beyond the seas,” envisioning a new English Israel where reformed Protestantism would grow and thrive, providing a model for the rest of the Christian world and a counter to what they saw as the Catholic menace.
While the English in Virginia and Maryland worked on expanding their profitable tobacco fields, the English in New England built towns focused on the church, where each congregation decided what was best for itself. The Congregational Church is the result of the Puritan enterprise in America.
- Many historians believe the fault lines separating what later became the North and South in the United States originated in the profound differences between the Chesapeake and New England colonies.
- The source of those differences lay in England’s domestic problems.
- Increasingly in the early 1600s, the English state church—the Church of England, established in the 1530s—demanded conformity, or compliance with its practices, but Puritans pushed for greater reforms.
By the 1620s, the Church of England began to see leading Puritan ministers and their followers as outlaws, a national security threat because of their opposition to its power. As the noose of conformity tightened around them, many Puritans decided to remove to New England.
By 1640, New England had a population of twenty-five thousand. Meanwhile, many loyal members of the Church of England, who ridiculed and mocked Puritans both at home and in New England, flocked to Virginia for economic opportunity. The troubles in England escalated in the 1640s when civil war broke out, pitting Royalist supporters of King Charles I and the Church of England against Parliamentarians, the Puritan reformers and their supporters in Parliament.
In 1649, the Parliamentarians gained the upper hand and, in an unprecedented move, executed Charles I. In the 1650s, therefore, England became a republic, a state without a king. English colonists in America closely followed these events. Indeed, many Puritans left New England and returned home to take part in the struggle against the king and the national church.
- Other English men and women in the Chesapeake colonies and elsewhere in the English Atlantic World looked on in horror at the mayhem the Parliamentarians, led by the Puritan insurgents, appeared to unleash in England.
- The turmoil in England made the administration and imperial oversight of the Chesapeake and New England colonies difficult, and the two regions developed divergent cultures.
The Chesapeake colonies of Virginia and Maryland served a vital purpose in the developing seventeenth-century English empire by providing tobacco, a cash crop. However, the early history of Jamestown did not suggest the English outpost would survive. From the outset, its settlers struggled both with each other and with the native inhabitants, the powerful Powhatan, who controlled the area.
Jealousies and infighting among the English destabilized the colony. One member, John Smith, whose famous map begins this chapter, took control and exercised near-dictatorial powers, which furthered aggravated the squabbling. The settlers’ inability to grow their own food compounded this unstable situation.
They were essentially employees of the Virginia Company of London, an English joint-stock company, in which investors provided the capital and assumed the risk in order to reap the profit, and they had to make a profit for their shareholders as well as for themselves.
How was the colony of Maryland different from Jamestown quizlet?
How was the colony of Maryland different than Jamestown? Maryland was established for religious freedom, was a proprietary colony, and their settlers were farmers willing to work. Jamestown was founded for profit, was a joint-stock-company, then a royal colony, and their settlers were adventurers.
What was unique about Maryland?
William Nuthead started the first printing business in St. Mary’s City in 1685. When he died, his wife Diana inherited the business. She was the first female licensed as a printer in the colonies. The Maryland Gazette founded in 1727 is the oldest continuously published newspaper in the United States. Charles Mason and Jeremiah surveyed the Mason-Dixon Line in 1763 to determine the border between Pennsylvania and Maryland. In 1767 the Mason-Dixon Line was established as Maryland’s northern border. William Goddard inaugurated the first Post Office system in the United States in Baltimore in 1774. In 1784 the first balloon ascension in the United States took place in Baltimore. The balloon was designed by Peter Carnes, but the ascent was made by thirteen year old Edward Warren. Georgetown Prep in Bethesda, founded in 1789 by the society of Jesuits, is the oldest Catholic secondary school in the United States. The Baltimore Water Company, the first water company in the United States, was chartered in 1792. Mary Pickersgill designed the flag that flew over Ft. McHenry during the War of 1812. Francis Scott Key wrote “The Star-Spangled Banner” after seeing the flag still waving during a battle in 1814. In 1828 St. Francis Academy was the first dental school in the world. This became the Baltimore College of Dental Surgery in 1839. In 1844 the first telegraph line in the world was established between Washington and Baltimore In 1856 Charles Benedict Calvert created the first agricultural research college in the United States. The Maryland Agricultural College became the University of Maryland at College Park. The USS Constellation docked in Baltimore is the last ship to survive from the Civil War. The B & O Railroad was incorporated in 1827 by Charles Carroll. Today the railroad is part of CSX. The Carrollton Viaduct in Baltimore was named in honor of Charles Carroll of Carrollton and is the oldest railroad bridge still in use. The Thomas Viaduct in Relay was the longest bridge in the United States on completion in 1835 and is still in use. Dr. Florence Rina Sabin of Johns Hopkins School of Medicine in Baltimore became the first female professor of medicine in 1901. Maryland is often referred to America in Miniature. Maryland possesses a variety of topography within its borders, contributing to its nickname America in Miniature. It ranges from sandy dunes dotted with seagrass in the east, to low marshlands teeming with wildlife and large bald cypress near the Chesapeake Bay, to gently rolling hills of oak forests in the Piedmont Region, and pine groves in the mountains to the west. Smith Island, This place is entitled as the only populated off-shore Island in the United States. If you want to visit this island, you need to catch the ferry. Smith Island is also Maryland’s official state dessert. The United States Naval Academy was founded on October 10, 1845 at Annapolis. King Williams School opened in 1696 it was the first school in the United States. Tilghman Island is home to the Skipjacks, the only commercial sailing fleet in North America. The 1,200 foot Francis Scott Key Bridge in Baltimore is the second longest continuous truss bridge in the nation. Annapolis is known as the sailing capital of the world. The Maryland State House is the oldest state capitol still in continuous legislative use. The town of Garrett Park declared the first nuclear free zone in the United States in 1982, thus affirming a tradition of peacefulness that began back in 1898 when it became illegal to harm any tree or songbird within the town limits. The Concord Point Lighthouse in Havre de Grace is the oldest continuously operated lighthouse in the State of Maryland. Havre de Grace is known as the decoy capitol of the world. Sixteen of the 23 Maryland counties border on tidal water. The combined length of tidal shoreline, including islands, is 4,431 miles. Annapolis was known as the Athens of America during the seventeenth century and once served as the capital of the United States.
What was Maryland best known for?
Maryland Pictures and Facts The Thomas Point Shoal Lighthouse in Annapolis is a National Historic Landmark. The Thomas Point Shoal Lighthouse in Annapolis is a National Historic Landmark. Photograph by PhotoRx, iStockphoto Get facts and photos about the 7th state.
Nickname: The Old Line State Statehood: 1788; 7th state Population (as of July 2016): 6,016,447 Capital: Annapolis Biggest City: Baltimore Abbreviation: MD State bird: Baltimore oriole State flower: black-eyed Susan
The first people to live in what’s now Maryland arrived at least 13,000 years ago, though humans may have been in the area as many as 21,000 years ago. Archaeologists know this because they’ve found arrowheads, beads, and other ancient items in and around Maryland’s Chesapeake Bay.
- Centuries layer lived in the region, including the Lenape, Nanticoke,, Susquehannock, and Shawnee tribes.
- In 1608 Captain John Smith became one of the first Europeans to arrive in the area.
- Then in 1632 Englishman George Calvert was given permission by the king of England to establish the colony of Maryland (though George died before settling the colony; his son Cecilius organized the expedition of colonists instead.) Yet British rule wouldn’t last: Maryland signed the in 1776.
After the won the Revolutionary War in 1783, Annapolis, Maryland, became the new country’s capital—but for less than a year. Maryland was made the seventh U.S. state in 1788, and gave up part of its land two years later to help create In 1850 Maryland would become an important part of the Underground Railroad thanks to, a Maryland native who fled the state to escape slavery but returned to rescue and lead others to freedom.
- Eleven years later, tensions between northern and southern states, particularly over slavery, led to the Civil War.
- Although Maryland was just south of the Mason-Dixon Line—the name for the border between and Maryland, which was considered the line dividing the North and South—it sided with the Union in the North.
The war’s bloodiest battle, Antietam, took place in Sharpsburg, Maryland. In 1864 slavery was finally abolished in Maryland. Maryland was named after Queen Henrietta Maria of England. She was married to King Charles I, who granted permission for Maryland to become a colony.
Legend has it that Maryland’s nicknamed the Old Line State in honor of 400 Revolutionary War soldiers who faced off against 10,000 British soldiers in a battle in 1776. These soldiers, which were called the “Maryland Line,” held off the British just long enough to allow the rest of the American army—lead by George Washington—to escape.
quarter: maogg / iStock Photo black eyed susan: © Jruffa | Dreamstime white oak: © Boscorelli | Dreamstime Baltimore oriole: Paul Sparks | Dreamstime Maryland is bordered by in the north, and the Atlantic Ocean in the east, the Atlantic Ocean and in the south, and in the west.
The state can be divided into five geographical regions. The Mid-Atlantic Coastal Plain spreads across the south and east of the state. It’s a low area with marshes along the eastern shoreline and fertile farmland along the western shore. This region contains the Battle Creek Cypress Swamp, a forested wetland.
The Piedmont crosses northeastern Maryland, and has low hills, ridges, valleys, and streams. The Blue Ridge region is a narrow, mountainous region west of the Piedmont. It was named for its trees, which have a bluish haze when seen from a distance. The Appalachian Ridge and Valley is a slim strip of land in the north.
- It’s mostly forested and contains farmland and steep ridges.
- The Appalachian Plateau covers the northwestern corner of the state.
- It’s home to the Allegheny Mountains and Maryland’s highest point, Backbone Mountain.
- Black bears,, and Appalachian cottontails are a few of the that live in Maryland.
- Ospreys, gyrfalcons (the biggest type of falcon), and Baltimore orioles are some local,
The state’s include Allegheny Mountain dusky salamanders and barking tree frogs. And such as bog turtles, Coastal Plain milk snakes, and eastern fence lizards live here. Bald cypress, loblolly pine, juniper, walnut, and white oak (the state tree) are among Maryland’s native trees.
- The state’s wildflowers include Maryland golden-aster, Maryland meadow beauty, and ladies’ tresses—an orchid that resembles a spiraling lock of hair.
- Maryland is known for fishing, and it produces the most blue crabs in the United States.
- The state is also known for mining coal, clays, natural gas, and limestone.
—Go fish! Visitors to the National Aquarium can check out jellyfish, a living reef, dolphins, and sharks. —Famous Marylanders include Francis Scott Key, who wrote the Star Spangled Banner; baseball player Babe Ruth; Jazz musician Billie Holiday; and civil rights activist Thurgood Marshall, who became the first African-American Supreme Court justice (or judge) in the United States.
How did Maryland differ from other Southern colonies?
How was Maryland different from other Southern Colonies? Many Southern Colonies were started for business reasons, but Maryland was founded for religious reasons.
Did the Maryland colony have religious freedom?
Long before the First Amendment was adopted, the assembly of the Province of Maryland passed “An Act Concerning Religion,” also called the Maryland Toleration Act of 1649. The act was meant to ensure freedom of religion for Christian settlers of diverse persuasions in the colony.
The law made it a crime to blaspheme God, the Holy Trinity, the Virgin Mary, or the early apostles and evangelists. It also forbade one resident from referring to another’s religion in a disparaging way and it provided for honoring the Sabbath. Maryland was settled by George Calvert, Lord Baltimore, (pictured above) who was a Roman Catholic, so the law has sometimes been interpreted as a means of providing Roman Catholics with religious freedom.(Image via Archives of Maryland, painted by John Alfred Vinter circa 1881, public domain) Long before the First Amendment was adopted, the assembly of the Province of Maryland passed “An Act Concerning Religion,” also called the Maryland Toleration Act of 1649.
The act was meant to ensure freedom of religion for Christian settlers of diverse persuasions in the colony.
Why did the 3 different colonial regions have differences?
The type of soil, climate, length of seasons, and proximity to bodies of water all played a role in how each colony prospered. By the 1700’s, the American colonies grew into three distinct regions.
What were the differences between the different colonies?
Differences Among Colonial Regions Colonial America depended on the natural environment for the basic needs of the people and the colony. Available natural resources determined each region’s unique specialty. Specialized economies quickly emerged as a result of human and environmental interaction.
- Colonial America had regional differences for establishment of each colony.
- The southern colonies were established as economic ventures, seeking natural resources to provide wealth to the mother country and themselves.
- In contrast, the early New England colonists were primarily religious reformers and Separatists.
They were seeking a new way of life to glorify God and for the greater good of their spiritual life. The middle colonies welcomed people from diverse lifestyles. Their social-political structure included all three varieties: villages, cities and small farms.
There were also differences in the human resources. New England had craftsmen skilled in shipbuilding. The Mid-Atlantic had a workforce of farmers, fishermen, and merchants. The Southern Colonies were mostly agricultural with few cities and limited schools. New England’s economy at first specialized in nautical equipment.
Later the region developed mills and factories. The environment was ideal for water-powered machinery (mills), allowing for products such as woven cloth and metal tools. The middle colonies had rich farmland and a moderate climate, making it more suitable to grow grain and livestock.
The coastal lowland and bays provided harbors, thus the middle colonies were able to provide trading opportunities where the three regions met in the market towns and cities. The southern colonies had fertile farmlands that contributed to the rise of cash crops such as rice, tobacco, and indigo. Plantations developed and slavery allowed the wealthy and large landowners to cultivate large tracts of land.
For the people of the South, life was rugged and rural, while the people of the North were connected to the church and village community. Source: © 1996–2013, Roy Rosenzweig Center for History and New Media. CC BY-SA 3.0 : Differences Among Colonial Regions
Which colony was the most different?
Religion – The Middle Colonies were the religiously diverse part of the British Empire, with a high degree of tolerance. The Penn family were Quakers, and the colony became a favorite destination for that group as well as German Lutherans, German Reformed and numerous small sects such as Mennonites, Amish and Moravian, not to mention Scotch Irish Presbyterians,
- The Dutch Reformed were strong in upstate New York and New Jersey, and Congregationalists were important in Long Island.
- The First Great Awakening invigorated religiosity and helped stimulate the growth of Congregational, Methodist and Baptist churches.
- Non-British colonists included Dutch Calvinist, Swedish Lutherans, Palatine Mennonites, and the Amish,
There was a Jewish community already established in New York from 1654 (when it was still New Amsterdam), and Jews settled in what became Pennsylvania from 1655.
How did Maryland differ from other Southern colonies?
How was Maryland different from other Southern Colonies? Many Southern Colonies were started for business reasons, but Maryland was founded for religious reasons.
What are some major differences between the New England colonies and the Chesapeake Virginia and Maryland )?
Beginning in the early 17th Century, English settlers scattered themselves along the eastern coast forming some of the first clearly defined regions of the United States. While both the New England colonies and the Chesapeake colonies had deep-seated aversion for the natives, they differed in their religious homogeneity and economic policies.
The New England colonies were strictly Puritan whereas the Chesapeake colonies followed no universal religion; also, while the New England colonies relied on fishing, shipbuilding, and farming, the Chesapeake colonies relied on their strong tobacco based economy. Although both regions were eventually conquered by the British and forced to merge as one nation, the New England colonies and the Chesapeake show more content While the Chesapeake colonies followed no universal religion, the New England colonies were mostly Puritans.
Puritans were religious reformists who aimed to “purify” the Anglican Church (of the Church of England). Their religion is also a very important reason for their migration to the Americas. In an effort to escape religious persecution, they fled to the east coast of the “New World”.
Being strictly religious people, the New England colonies had some very strict moral codes such as the marital arrangement. Wives are supposed to be in subjection to their husband and submit to his authority. This point was explained in Benjamin Wadsworth’s A Well-Ordered Family where he educated not only Puritan families but also those who wished to learn about their faith (Doc 6).
As a severely religious region, the New England colonies were intent on expanding and making their God proud. In an oration to a group of English Puritans, John Winthrop expressed the hope he had for their journey and in summary he said they were doing God’s will (Doc 2).
Therefore their drive, or motivation, for building upon their already glorious colonies was to bring glory to God. In contrast, the Church of England was the established church in the Colony of Virginia, this means taxpayers paid for the support of the church whether or not they were supporters of the Anglican faith.
Meanwhile, in the Colony of Maryland, there were Catholics and Protestants. The Chesapeake colonies were diverse in their religious beliefs thus presenting a disunited front. The New England colonies and the Chesapeake colonies differed in their religious policies because of the different degrees of unity they displayed through
What is the difference between the Chesapeake and New England colonies?
The New England colonies had a more diverse economy which included shipping, lumber, and export of food crops. On the other hand, the Chesapeake colonies economy focused almost exclusively on the production and export of tobacco and a few other cash crops.